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Posted by on Jul 24, 2014 in Skype for Business® (Lync®) | 7 comments

Lync Development: Picking the Right API

Lync Development: Picking the Right API

“I want to do Lync Development, what is it I should be downloading?”

Lync is wonderful, and enabling, and rich and a dozen other things – but that can make it complicated. Complicated to set up, complicated to keep running, and complicated to develop on. One of the first problems anyone coming to Lync development has to deal with is: I want to do Lync Development, what is it I should be downloading? What’s the “thing” I need to get started with Lync development? What is it called, where do I find it on StackOverflow, and what do I need to install?

Hopefully I can help you out with making those decisions, with my set of “I want to…” headings below.

I want to… create desktop apps that interact with Lync

You need the Lync Client SDK. This is an MSI which contains DLLs, Visual Studio templates for creating WPF applications, and a ton of useful controls to help you Lync-ify up your applications. With the DLLs you can hook into the running Lync instance on the user’s computer and interact with their Contact list, answer calls, change their presence, whatever. It’s important to note that the user MUST have the Lync client installed and running on their machine otherwise the SDK won’t work. There are versions for Lync 2010 and Lync 2013 so make sure you get the right one.

For an example of this sort of application, have a look at AutoAssist.

I want to… create full-screen kiosk-style applications

There’s a special trick you can perform with the Client SDK. It’s called UI Suppression and it means that when you run your application, the Lync process (lync.exe) will still run, but you won’t see the Lync Client. It’s then down to your application to handle logging in, processing incoming IMs or calls, doing all the UI. It’s a lot more work: but it does enable you to present a full-screen, immersive experience. Blog post coming soon, but in the meantime you can read up about it on MSDN.

For help getting started with full-screen UI Suppressed apps, have a look at LyncAutoAnswer.com – a community project I did with Scott Hanselman.

I want to… show context or information within Lync conversations

Microsoft has you covered, in the form of Conversation Window Extension (CWEs). These come in different sizes and will let you add an extra “window” to the right hand side of a conversation, where you can present contextual information to the user. You need to download the Lync Client SDK (see above) to get the DLLs you need. They’re written in Silverlight and using the DLLs provided you can also attach to the existing conversation (the one in which your window is operating), see who it’s with, control it etc. as well as doing all the normal things such as reading and changing contact lists, presence etc.

For an example CWE application, check out Information Dashboard.

I want to… create back-end (server) applications to perform XYZ in Lync

So, this is no longer client-only territory. There’s a SDK for Lync called the Unified Communications managed API (UCMA) which allows you to write programs which can interact with Lync. These do not require the Lync client to be present, and are designed to be highly scalable and reliable. To write UCMA applications you’ll need the UCMA SDK. There’s a 2010 and a 2013 version, which are designed to target the version of the Lync server, not client.

I want to… filter / control / act on Lync traffic

You need to get familiar with the Microsoft SIP Processing Language (MSPL) which is a light-weight scripting language allowing you to create modules which sit on your Lync server and react to different types of SIP traffic. There’s nothing to download (because you can write the scripts in Notepad) but be sure to check out the list of tools I recommend you have in place before you start. There’s more blog posts on this coming your way, but in the meantime the script syntax and a sample script are on MSDN.

I want to… run Lync in crazy places

Arguably the most ubiquitous communication standard today is HTTP – and Microsoft have an API for Lync that only requires HTTP Request-Response to work. It’s called the Unified Communications Web API (UCWA) and it’s a REST interface for Lync. It’s limited at the moment to things like changing presence, getting presence updates from other people, sending & receiving IM – but if that’s all you need, it’s simple enough that it can run in many places where the Lync client can’t. Lync-enabled washing machine? Go for it! Again, there’s nothing to download, but you’ll need something that can process HTTP traffic, and there are some prerequisites on the server.

I want to… run Lync in the browser

If you just read the last paragraph and thought “eh. I just want to run Lync in the browser with the user needing to have the client”, then you can probably benefit from some UCWA Javascript wrappers the Lync Team have made; they should enable you to cut some corners.

I want to… write applications that interact with Lync Persistent Chat

Because Persistent Chat was introduced late to the party, it has its own SDK. It follows the same structure and patterns as UCMA though, so if you’re familiar with UCMA development crossing over isn’t too bad. Download the Microsoft Persistent Chat SDK to get the API DLLs, documentation and redistribute parts.

 

Hopefully now you have a better idea of what to download, install and search Google for.

Now that you know what technology you’re using, make sure you have all the tools you need before you start.

7 Comments

  1. Hi,

    Mate have you been ever wondering/working on this, how to run that Lyck SDK against a machine where lync is runnig as a service? My point is, I have managed to configure Lync to run as a service – Lync,exe process has been created under certain user, but when running powershell under same user I get error from GetClient that client is not running. Any ideas on that? There is no problem with that when I turn on the client – it all works.

    Cheers,

  2. We need to develop a website in Asp.net MVC 4 which will connect user within the organisation on Lync or (skype for business now):The ask is:
    1) A Sales guy see 10 Technical person in the list which is in database and all of them are in AD if that helps
    2) A sales guy click on an icon to connect to a technical person, a lync window appears on client machine (We can assume that all client will have Lync or skype for business up and running on their system from where they will access website)
    3) A lync window appears on the machine of a person we are trying to connect to with Default text “hi! Bla Bla Bla”

    Can somebody point me to the correct implementation with some set up details from infrastructure POV as well.

  3. Hi,

    we need to implement video recording. Skype for business 2015 skype users. Which API suits best? Is it possible to integrate recording button in skype itself?

  4. Hi Tom – has much changed wrt choice of API in the two years since this post was published? I’m interested to know which framework we should be using for an on premise S4B chat-bot that will interact with our employees.

  5. Hi David – not that much has changed to be honest. For purely on-premise these choices are still correct and UCMA sounds like the right choice for you today. It’s worth keeping on eye on the new stuff though, as the Trusted Application API (just announced, not yet available) may eventually become the better choice. I try and keep track of all the changes at http://skypedeveloperstory.thoughtstuff.co.uk/.

  6. Hi,

    I want to integrate ‘Skype for business’ in java desktop application.How to communicate with Skype client in java.? How to use DLLs in respective SDKs in java code.

  7. Hi,

    I want to… customize the S4B client, to modify the main window: add a bar at the bottom, and perhaps, add a button/icon in the same row as Contacts/Conversations/Meetings.

    This post seems to indicate that this is not possible: either I develop a full desktop client, or a full web client, using the UI Supression and the adequate APIs.

    Is this correct? Isn’t there something similar to CWE, but for the main window? A plugin/extension module (as found in the browser) comes to mind.

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

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